Dear Cr Young,
I write to you as a concerned resident of Eltham who was distressed to see your attitude to road cyclists as reported by the Herald Sun website on 21 October.1 These comments were irresponsible and risk inflaming tensions on Nillumbik roads, creating a dangerous environment for cyclists. These comments also overlook the great contribution road cycling makes to our area – a contribution which aligns with values of concern for the conservation of the area’s character which you yourself have professed.
I am addressing your supporting comments here, and not the leading remarks of Diamond Creek police Sergeant Lindsay Dixon who called for banning cyclists on Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd. I do so because your remarks are inconsistent with your reputation and I do not believe you considered how the expression of such an attitude by the local mayor feeds a dangerous anti-cycling mentality with the potential to harm your road cycling constituents.
In some respects the best way to deal with a story like this is to ignore it. As the Vic Roads acting regional director Nick Fisher states, a ban is not something they support and that is really the end of the story. Online news outlets turn these stories out routinely, simply to generate page hits. This attention is guaranteed by the animosity which has emerged from a minority of disgruntled motorists in the face of road cycling’s growth, and the sensitivity with which cyclists, as vulnerable road users, understandably respond. But the fact that such tension exists means we have an actual problem on our roads and considered responses are useful, even if the story in question is little more than click-bait. In this particular instance the three-term mayor of a progressive council with a reputation for conservation has, whether by design or not, thrown his lot in with the anti-cycling brigade. This, I think, is worth responding to, from my position as one of your road cycling constituents, and one for whom regular use of the Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd is important.
Firstly, there is some lack of clarity in the discussion of this issue as to whether the section of Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd in question is that between St Andrews and Kinglake, as most cyclists have assumed, or from Hurstbridge to St Andrews as some commenters on the online article assumed. I will primarily address the section of road that ascends to Kinglake, and which holds a special place, not just for local cyclists now, but for Australian cyclists historically. Much of what I write here is applicable, however, to any suggestion of a ban on cyclists between Hurstbridge and St Andrews.
I first rode a bicycle along Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd, from St Andrews to Kinglake in January 2013. I was new to road cycling and I found the journey exhilarating. It provided a direct and personal experience of the environment which defines the shire of Nillumbik as an interface between the urban and rural landscape on Melbourne’s northern fringe. Since then I’ve done the same ride almost 100 times so I have a good stock of recent experience to draw upon in discussing the interaction of motorists and cyclists on the climb.
My typical experience with motorists on this road is a model of cooperation I only wish was replicated more widely. The road is narrow and winding, but a cyclist leading a car is well positioned to see ahead and aid the driver’s overtaking. When I can, I do this with a beckoning gesture, and the great majority of passing drivers respond in kind with a gesture of thanks.
You said, ‘“I cannot believe it; I drive up there regularly and you come across riders two abreast on this very narrow road and at 2km/h,” But the idea of drivers fuming with exasperation at being held-up just doesn’t square with my experience. Perhaps more drivers are seething with frustration behind me than I realise. I would hate to think this is the case, and prefer to think responses such as your own admitted impatience are the exception.
It’s unfortunate that you have to use hyperbolic language like ‘2km/h’, a speed at which a bicycle could not actually be ridden. Of course you mean this figuratively so we know what an awful experience it is for you to come across slower vehicles. It would be nice to think the Mayor of Nillumbik was a careful, cooperative and patient driver who understood the risks of controlling a motorised vehicle on such a road, prudent to observe not just the speed limit, but the speed recommendations too …2
Sometimes I come across groups of slower riders on the climb, sometimes they even exercise their legal right to ride two-abreast. Motorists encountering these cyclists simply need to drive cooperatively and wait for a safe passing opportunity, that’s just the reality of driving – you don’t always get to go as fast as you want to. I have never seen a group of cyclists wilfully obstruct a car on the climb, and riders will move quickly to single file to help a driver, or a faster cyclist for that matter, pass. A driver’s licence is a social contract and an understanding that the road must be shared cooperatively by all legal road vehicles is implicit in its being granted to you. As an elected representative you have a special responsibility to ensure your public statements on road matters are consistent with this principle. Sadly, however, in this instance your statements have not only contradicted this principle but potentially exacerbated tensions which create a dangerous threat to cyclists.
In all my ascents to Kinglake I have encountered open hostility only twice. Once was on one of my first ascents where I brought along a friend – a following driver didn’t like us and laid on his horn with unnecessary aggression. It then took almost two years to be harassed as directly again, and this was the day after your comments were published. As I made my way up the hill, four police motorcycles descended in the oncoming lane followed closely by a ute-driving tradesman who shouted abuse at me. Obviously my ascent offered no impediment to his descent, he simply hated the sight of me cycling and his position directly behind the group of police motorcyclists did not discourage his aggression in the least. I won’t assume he was emboldened by media discussion of a cyclist ‘ban’ the previous day – by your comments and those of a Diamond Creek police officer – but the coincidence is disturbing.
Anecdotal evidence in the cycling community suggests that when news stories, opinion pieces, or editorials convey antipathy towards cycling, an increase in on-road abuse and hostility is soon experienced. This was reported on the Gold Coast after a journalist there wrote a particularly noxious hit-piece calling for motorists to ‘start manning up’ against cyclists, and during the long running campaign by the Murdoch press against Clover Moore’s support of cycling in Sydney.3 The later prompted the ABC’s Media Watch to investigate and the program identified a dangerous trend of media bias against road cycling. This bias was shown to fly in the face of both cyclists’ legal rights and a preponderance of evidence that driver negligence is almost always the cause of accidents involving bicycles.4 Such reporting also reinforces a phenomenon psychologists refer to as out-group homogeneity bias. This has been described by transport planner Dr Cameron Munro:
It’s about making generalisations about a group of people with whom we don’t empathise. … with bike riders, there’s an assumption out there that some bike riders all behave in a certain way, and that is generalised whenever we see a bike rider on the road. In a different way, we look at motorists as being part of us, one of us, the in-group. And so when we see a motorist breaking through a red light, or travelling at a high speed, we see that as a trait that’s attributable to the individual, rather than to the whole group.5
This psychological bias is fed by an often hostile news-media, and by comments such as yours, and the result can be a more threatening experience for those of us riding on the road. Until now I felt like I’d managed to avoid this sort of thing in Nillumbik. Abuse of cyclists is encountered here too, all too often, but the correlation between media sensationalism and fear for my personal safety is something which is new for me on my local roads.
The Herald Sun reported that you, ‘would consider a sign for the road advising riders to stay away from a winding 6km stretch.’6 Such a move would be entirely inconsistent with the trajectory of contemporary road planning and management which emphasises the benefits of cycling. A better option would be to follow the approach already used in Hurstbridge, where a road sign alerts drivers to a section of road between the one lane bridge and Haleys Gully Rd which is heavily trafficked by cyclists:
I have long thought that the area could do with a few more of these signs and Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd would be an ideal place to start.
It must also be noted that the suggestion that cars and trucks are being held up by cyclists on the road makes a strange article all the more bizarre. As Mayor, and as a motorist who evidently drives up the climb, you must know that trucks are not supposed to be there at all! :
Whilst motorists and cyclists need to share the Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd, you might be interested to know there is a long and rich history of cyclists using the route which pre-dates motor vehicles. The climb to Kinglake was first completed by bicycle in 1883. This feat was achieved by two members of the Melbourne Bicycle club:
Their ride was reported in the Evelyn Observer and South and East Bourke Record, on Friday 5 October 1883, with the paper declaring, ‘This, we believe, is the pioneer bicycle trip to the Mount.‘7 Their leg between St Andrews (then Queenstown) and Kinglake that day was just shy of two hours duration, and I must point out that even this equates to a speed faster than 2kp/h!
More recently, the road can lay claim to an important place in one of Australia’s most heroic sporting achievements. Cadel Evans cites his years growing up in Armidale as being the genesis of his cycling, but Cadel would later go to Eltham High and the hills of Nillumbik arguably forged the cyclist who would become the World Champion and win the Tour de France. Asked on twitter about Kinglake, Cadel summed up his feeling for riding the road unhesitatingly: ‘Kinglake? Me? ….only my whole (cycling) life!’8
After achieving his Tour win, the town of Kinglake acknowledged this connection with a large banner congratulating him (admittedly Kinglake is in the Shire of Murrindindi, but it’s the road to the top that got Cadel there). There are young up-and-coming professional cyclists who now make regular use of the Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd, following in Cadel’s footsteps. I think this is something council should be aware of, and take some pride in.
After the devastating Black Saturday bushfires, cyclists of all sorts moved swiftly to offer support for the area to which they felt so strongly connected: MTB Victoria, CycleSport Victoria, the Degani-Kinglake sportive and the Cycling Tips website, amongst others, raised funds for locals and for the CFA.
There is no sense in your remarks that you are cognisant of the road’s rich cycling history and its place in our cycling future. It also seems you fail to consider that the cyclists, who frustrate your driving, are quite possibly your own constituents. Cycling is one of the defining activities of our area, not merely on the great network of off-road trails and shared paths, but on our roads too. The strong community of Nillumbik road cyclists does much to promote the area and its conservation. Your online council profile says you are committed to, ‘preserving the character and environmental values of the Green Wedge.’9 You might not have considered this, but you’d be hard pressed to find a group of locals more supportive of the same view than the road cyclists of Nillumbik. Local cycling groups, like the GreenWEDGE riders, have been established, precisely to emphasise the beauty of the area as it is, and the importance of ensuring it is protected.
Bicycle sales have outstripped car sales every year for the last decade, and more than four million Australians cycle regularly.10 It is somewhat baffling that you appear not to have recognised this boom has found positive expression on our local roads in recent years and that it is a phenomenon that aligns neatly with progressive goals for council. It is something to be encouraged, not depreciated in favour of outdated approaches to traffic management. The National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016, signed by all Australian transport ministers in 2011, called for a doubling of the number of Australians cycling by 2016, and for action plans, or policy statements at the least, from local councils on the issue.11 It would be great to see Nillumbik moving with this momentum, not against it.
The strength of road cycling in Nillumbik is now earning international recognition for the area. The San Francisco based website Strava, which is the world’s most popular activity logging website for cyclists, has recently promoted Melbourne as a cycling destination.12 The website presented a selection of recommended rides, compiled with the aid of Melbourne cyclists, and some of Nillumbik’s roads came in for special mention, including the Kinglake climb. The natural beauty of our surrounds and the tranquillity afforded cyclists in a low-traffic environment are leading cyclists around the world to realise what those in Melbourne already know – Nillumbik is a special place for road cycling. This is great news for the area and portends an economic windfall for the local economy from a clean, environmentally friendly and healthy pursuit which draws the best of the area into focus.
Some of the commenters on the Herald Sun article evidently saw the section of road under discussion as that between Hurstbridge and St Andrews. If this is the case, the same points of discussion raised here apply – the road exists to be shared, driver cooperation must be emphasised with public representatives playing an important role in this regard, and road cycling offers much for the local area and should be protected and promoted by council. I do have a personal anecdote to share regarding this stretch of road too. I was once nearly run off the road by some young men in a large car who shouted abuse at me as they forced me towards the edge of an embankment. I called emergency and was attended by Diamond Creek police who took the situation seriously. I later submitted a written statement on the incident but I was never informed of the outcome. I’d hate to think it ended up stalled on the desk of a sergeant with frustrated feelings towards cyclists.
Finally, I note that your council profile states that you have a special love for driving between Kangaroo Ground and St Andrews. You say, ‘It always gives me a buzz because of its beautiful landscape and views.’13 It is indeed a beautiful route, and if it means something to you by car you are in for a very special experience if you take the same journey on a bicycle; you will find your connection to the natural environment is deepened, you will not have polluted it with vehicle emissions and you’ll be healthier for the effort. I would urge you to give it a go – if you really love our area, you might find it is a transformational experience.
[This letter was emailed to Cr Young on Friday October 24 2014 at 15:49]
1Megan Bailey, ‘Police call for ban on cyclists on treacherous stretch of Heidelberg-Kinglake Rd’ http://www.heraldsun.com.au/leader/north/police-call-for-ban-on-cyclists-on-treacherous-stretch-of-heidelbergkinglake-rd/story-fnglenug-1227096395093 [accessed 24 October 2014].
2The advisory speed limit for the descent from Kinglake to St Andrews is, as you would know, 35 km/h. Experienced road cyclists can safely negotiate the descent at over 50kp/h and descending motor vehicles often block the way for cyclists.
3Bicycle Queensland, ‘BQ response to anti-bike article in The Gold Coast Bulletin’, http://www.bq.org.au/news/bq-response-to-anti-bike-article-in-the-gold-coast-bulletin/ [accessed 24 October 2014], ‘On your bike, Clover’, Daily Telegraph, 20th June, 2011; We’re Over Your Bikes, Daily Telegraph, 18th September, 2013
4‘Rage Against Riders’, Media Watch, http://www.abc.net.au/mediawatch/transcripts/s4045873.htm [accessed 24 October 2014]
5‘Bike Rage’, Catalyst, http://www.abc.net.au/catalyst/stories/3857163.htm [accessed 24 October 2014]
6Bailey, ”Police call for ban on cyclists’ [URL above]
8Cadel Evans, tweet from @CadelOfficial,17 Jul 2009. [accessed 24 October 2014]
9‘Cr Michael Young – Mayor’, http://www.nillumbik.vic.gov.au/Your_Council/Councillors/Cr_Michael_Young_-_Mayor [accessed 24 October 2014]
10‘Bicycle sales hits new high as children get left behind’, http://www.bikeoz.com.au/index.php/news/67-bicycle-sales-hits-new-high-as-children-get-left-behind [accessed 24 October 2014]
11Australian Bicycle Council, The Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016, Austroads LTD, Sydney, 2010, p.23, digital version at https://www.onlinepublications.austroads.com.au/items/AP-C85-10 [accessed 24 October 2014]; ‘Feds try again on national bike strategy’, https://www.bicyclenetwork.com.au/general/better-conditions/552/ [accessed 24 October 2014].
12Nicole Justice, ‘Seven Sweet Cycling Routes in Melbourne’, 20 October 2014, http://blog.strava.com/seven-sweet-cycling-routes-in-melbourne-8710/ [accessed 24 October 2014].
13‘Cr Michael Young – Mayor’, http://www.nillumbik.vic.gov.au/Your_Council/Councillors/Cr_Michael_Young_-_Mayor [accessed 24 October 2014]
Correction and clarification:
Cr Young is a three-term councilor, who has served as Nillumbik Mayor twice; in 2011-2012 and from October 2013 to 27 October 2014.
Cadel’s tweet is from and unrelated exchange in 2009. I thought this was obvious from the timestamp on the screen capture and from the reference provided. At least one reader thought I had received the reply myself which I did not, and did not mean to imply.